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Coronavirus: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Posted by Royal Sundaram on 04 Feb 2020

Coronavirus is the newly diagnosed common human virus known to have originated from Wuhan, China. The virus is spreading fast across the nation and travelling to other countries, taking a toll on the lives of many people along the way. More than 4500 people have been diagnosed with symptoms, and hundreds of them have lost the battle fighting the disease. Although the majority of the cases have been found in China, several other countries like the U.S, Singapore, Malaysia, and Japan, have also been put on high alert with odd cases of patients with similar symptoms being reported in recent times.


Here are some insights into Coronavirus: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment;


We will be covering the following:

  • * What is Coronavirus
  • * Coronavirus Symptoms
  • * Coronavirus Causes
  • * Coronavirus Treatment
  • * Other Diseases


What is Coronavirus?


Coronavirus is a family of viruses that originally affects animals, but due to increased exposure to animal meat, seafood, and dairy products, these viruses have made a transition to humans as well.


Common cold, fever, and tiredness are the early symptoms in the infected person. It spreads through infected people coughing and sneezing, by touching an infected person’s hands or face, or by touching things such as doorknobs that infected people have touched. The disease is not new to humans, and several Coronavirus cases have been detected since the year 2002 with more than 1500 deaths accounting to them. The disease is associated with two syndromes, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) and Middle East Respiratory syndrome (MERS).


SARS is known to have travelled from civet cats to humans, and MERS comes from Camels. In total, 7 different types of coronaviruses have been known to infect humans, including the new Wuhan Coronavirus, also named as 2019-nCoV or Novel Coronavirus. However, the Wuhan virus remains the newest of them all and very little is known about it. Recent researches have confirmed that human to human transmission of the disease is also possible.


Symptoms of Coronavirus


As per WHO’s reports, the common symptoms of Coronavirus include:

  1. * Common cold and cough
  2. * Running nose
  3. * Fever
  4. * Tiredness
  5. * Difficulty in breathing
  6. * Sore throat


If the case gets severe, the symptoms may include

  1. * Pneumonia
  2. * Kidney failure
  3. * Impaired liver functioning
  4. * Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome SARS
  5. * Death


Although not certified, the incubation period of Coronavirus is known to last 10 to 14 days.


Causes of Coronavirus
Scientists have very little information about Coronavirus, but it is certain that the origin is from animals. The virus can spread through various means like:


  1. * By coming in contact with the air bearing cough and sneeze of an infected person.
  2. * Physical contact with an infected person, i.e. handshake, touch, etc.
  3. * Contacting a virus-infected surface with bare hands or other parts of the body (face, nose, mouth, eyes, etc.)
  4. * Faecal contamination, which is rare but can happen when you consume seafood


Treatment of Coronavirus

The first thing to know about the treatment of Coronavirus is that there exists no dedicated vaccine for it yet. Coronavirus is treated in the same manner as a common cold or fever. Here’s what patients can do:


  1. * Take regular medicines as you do in case of cold, cough, and fever.
  2. * Take pain killers if required.
  3. * Increase fluid intake to flush out the mucous.
  4. * Take plenty of rest and avoid contact with others.


As preventive measures, the following steps can also be taken:


  1. * Wash hands thoroughly after coming back home from outdoors or after doing any work that makes your hands dirty.
  2. * Avoid contact with infected people.
  3. * Always cover your face when you sneeze or cough and then wash hands.
  4. * Regularly disinfect your home and objects.


You can take over the counter medicines for treating common cold and cough symptoms, but if the problem persists, you must consult a doctor.

Other Diseases


The occurrence of several other life-threatening diseases has risen in the last decade. Diseases like cancer, diabetes, tumours, heart attacks and other similar problems, maternity-related issues, stress and depression, gastrointestinal disorders, lungs and respiratory issues, etc., are some of the most frequently reported ailments.


Given the severity and medical costs involved with these problems, it is important to have health insurance that can offer quality treatment to the affected person.



Where is Coronavirus first found?

The first case from the current outbreak was found in Wuhan, China. However, Coronavirus was first diagnosed in 2002 in China and Hong Kong.


Is the Coronavirus contagious?

Yes, it is contagious and can be transmitted via human to human contact.


How is Coronavirus transmitted?

Coronavirus can be transmitted through air, physical contact, and touching contaminated surfaces. Faecal contamination is also possible.


How is Coronavirus diagnosed?

Coronavirus can be diagnosed through a laboratory test by collecting your respiratory specimens and body serum.


What are the signs and symptoms of Coronavirus?

Cough, common cold, fever, tiredness, and running nose are some of the early symptoms of Coronavirus. A severe case may reflect pneumonia, kidney and liver malfunctioning, etc.


Does Coronavirus cause death?

In severe cases, Coronavirus can lead to impairment of several body organs that can result in death.

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