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How the Coronavirus Spreads and How Can You Protect Yourself?

Posted by Royal Sundaram on 10 May 2020

Coronavirus or, to be particular, COVID-19 has been wreaking havoc globally, affecting most of the world population. With a pandemic of these epic proportions, it is integral that you are aware of Coronavirus symptoms and treatments. COVID-19 is a highly contagious disease that is spread from person to person through the respiratory droplets released from an infected person. Let us look at some of the ways in which COVID-19 spreads and how to protect oneself from it.


How does COVID-19 spread?

  1. Close proximity of people between each other. i.e. less than 6 feet.
  2. When an infected person sneezes, coughs or talks, his respiratory droplets are passed on to another.
  3. These droplets can land on the other person’s nose, eyes or mouth and can be possibly inhaled into the lungs which the virus primarily impacts.
  4. Further, COVID-19 can be spread even by people who do not explicitly show any symptoms of the ailment.

It is also possible that these droplets infected by the virus, land on a surface or object and a non-infected person may touch this item and then their nose, eyes or mouth. This virus is extremely contagious and spreads easily between people.

Many of the Coronavirus symptoms do not provide a clear indication of its certainty. Though no full-proof treatment has been discovered, the symptoms are similar to common flu, such as cold, dry cough, mild fever, headache, fatigue, and so on.


Which age groups are more at risk from COVID-19?

There are a few age-groups that need to be more cautious as compared to others with regards to infection – the elderly, people with existing medical conditions such as diabetes, high blood pressure, cardiovascular ailments, etc., children/infants, etc. Though there are a few age-groups which are more prone to be infected by COVID-19 as compared to others, it is advisable that people of all age groups diligently follow the Coronavirus dos and don’ts to avoid getting infected by it.


How can you prevent the spread of COVID-19?

Some of the effective Coronavirus dos and don’ts you can follow to prevent getting infected and keep COVID-19 at bay include:

  1. Social Distancing

The most effective means of safeguarding yourself is to not be around anyone who may or may not have the virus. Since it takes approximately 14 days for the symptoms to actually appear, it is advisable that you practice social distancing or self-isolation. Avoid public gatherings, usage of public transport, large crowds such as clubs/bars/restaurants, etc. Opt for working from home than actually physically visiting the premises where a large number of people walk in and out every day.

If you do have to go out, ensure sufficient distance is maintained between you and other people. Stay at home as much as possible. And avoid proximity with people who are unwell or sick.

  1. Hygiene

Keep sanitizing or washing your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. Wearing a mask is also an ideal mechanism to not only avoid the droplets touching your face but also ensures the spread of the virus from you to someone else. Special care should be taken that you avoid touching your nose, mouth and eyes with unwashed hands.

Ensure you cover your mouth and nose when you cough or sneeze and throw away the used tissues immediately post use.

  1. Cleanliness

Ensure good cleanliness is maintained in common areas, and common surfaces touched by you and your family members are regularly sanitized such as doorknobs, handles, phones, keyboards, light switches, toilets, sinks, etc. Use household disinfectants to clean dirty common surfaces.

  1. No travel

If you have recently arrived from an affected area in the last 2 weeks, it is advisable that you self-isolate and quarantine yourself for a minimum period of 14 days to ensure the possible spread of the virus, if any, is curbed. This means no travel to work, public area, etc. This also applies if you have been in touch with someone who has visited such a place recently. Travel in all forms – domestic and international, should be curbed until the pandemic situation is resolved.

  1. Seek Medical Help

If you are experiencing any symptoms such as cold, dry cough, fever, sore throat, or difficulty breathing, you should seek medical help. You may take paracetamol as a first resort and then take advice from your doctor in case the symptoms do not improve.

Abiding by the above-mentioned Coronavirus dos and don’ts can go a long way in its spread and protect you and your family members from possible infection. Further, reading about Coronavirus symptoms and treatments can make you more alert and give you a better insight on how to take better care of yourself.

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