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Posted by Royal Sundaram on 14 Oct 2015
What is Obesity?
Obesity is defined as a disease process characterised by excessive body fat accumulation with multiple organ-specific consequences. In our modern world with increasingly cheap, high calorie food (example, fast food — or “junk food”), prepared foods that are high in things like salt, sugars or fat, combined with our increasingly sedentary lifestyles, increasing urbanization and changing modes of transportation, it is no wonder that obesity has rapidly increased in the last few decades.
Being overweight and being obese are often mistaken for each other. However, one can very well differentiate between the two.
“Overweight” is usually defined as a condition in which a person’s weight is 10%-20% higher than “normal,” as defined by a standard height/weight chart that is body mass index (BMI) of 25 to 30. “Obesity” is usually defined as a condition in which a person’s weight is 20% or more above normal weight or as a BMI of 30 or more.
What makes you Obese?
Energy or calorie imbalance: Many things play a part in affecting the body weight. However, the basic cause comes from an energy imbalance: eating too many calories and not burning enough calories during the day. Managing your weight is all about balance – calories count! Pay attention to what you eat.
Inactive Lifestyle: One reason for this is that many people spend hours in front of TVs and computers doing work, school-work, and leisure activities. In fact, more than 2 hours a day of regular TV viewing time has been linked to overweight and obesity. Be more active.
Genes and Family History: Overweight and obesity tend to run in the family. Chances of being overweight are greater if one or both of the parents are obese. Genes also may affect the amount of fat stored in the body and where in your body you carry the extra fat.
Sleep debt: Getting too little sleep can increase body weight. Sleep helps maintain a healthy balance of the hormones that make you feel hungry or full. Have adequate and sufficient sleep.
Other factors responsible for obesity include: age, pregnancy, medicines, and health conditions.
What are the possible Complications of obesity?
Obesity is now considered the number one health risk. It can increase your risk for developing many serious medical conditions and diseases, including diabetes, heart disease, hypertension, metabolic syndrome, poly-cystic ovary syndrome, breathing problem and many other ailments. Apart from medical complications, obesity disturbs the emotional balance of an individual and can lead to depression, social isolation, lower work achievement and thus affect the quality of life.
How Can Overweight and Obesity Be Prevented?
Follow a healthy eating plan: Make healthy food choices, keep calorie needs in mind, and focus on the balance of energy IN and energy OUT.
Focus on portion size: Cutting back on portion size will help you balance energy IN and energy OUT.
Be active: Make personal and family time active. Find activities that everyone will enjoy. For example, go for a brisk walk, bike or roller blade, or train together for a walk or run.
Adequate sleep: Lack of sleep has been shown to have a direct link to hunger, overeating, and weight gain and thus renders negative impact on health. An adequate and sufficient sleep plays key role in maintaining good health.
Reduce screen time: Limit the use of TVs, computers, DVDs, and video games because they limit time for physical activity. Health experts recommend 2 hours or less a day of screen time that’s not work- or homework-related.
Keep track of your weight, body mass index, and waist circumference.
Obesity is not a dreadful disease. Just a change in lifestyle and motivation to work towards it can help anyone fight against obesity.
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