Brain Tumour Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment & Insurance | Royal Sundaram
Brain Tumour is when growth or lump of abnormal cells accumulate in your brain. Brain tumours can either be benign or malignant. There are two types of Brain tumours – primary brain tumour and secondary brain tumour. When a tumour begins in the brain tissue, it is known as a primary brain tumour. However, if a tumour starts in some other part of the body and spreads to the brain cells, then it is called a secondary brain tumour.
Medical professionals are yet to know about the exact cause of brain tumour. Some of the commonly known facts about brain tumour are as follows:
- A brain tumour can affect an individual of any age group.
- Family history or exposure to radiation can be one of the risk factors causing brain tumour.
- Signs and symptoms may vary depending on the size, grade and location of the tumour.
Brain Tumour Symptoms
Some of the general symptoms of a brain tumour may include:
- Sudden onset of headaches
- Headaches that slowly become severe or unbearable
- Nausea or Vomiting without any pre-existing condition
- Difficulty in hearing
- Difficulty in Speaking
- Confusion in daily matters
- Numbness in arms or legs
- Change in behaviour
- Sudden personality changes
- Loss of sensation in arms or legs
- Difficulty balancing
Most symptoms are associated with your nervous system functioning.
Brain Tumour Diagnosis
If symptoms are indicating towards this disease, your doctor will conduct a physical examination and enquire about your medical history as well as the health history of your family. After the initial examination, you may have to undergo one or more of the following tests:
Neurological exam: This exam is conducted by a neurological expert. The expert will check your eyes, hearing, muscle strength, alertness, presence of mind, reflexes. Your doctor will also check if there is any swelling in the eyes. Swelling is usually caused by a tumour pressing the optical nerve.
MRI: This is an advanced imaging scan used for getting clear and detailed pictures of areas inside your head.
Some of the other tests that may be recommended are Biopsy, CT scan, and Angiogram.
Brain Tumour Treatment and Cost in India
There are several treatment options for individuals with a brain tumour. The treatment type will depend on factors such as:
- Location of Tumour in the brain
- Size, type and grade
- Age and overall health of the patient
A neurosurgeon is a specialist that treats illnesses like a brain tumour. Your neurosurgeon will guide you on treatment options as per the case. Below are some common treatment options suggested to treat this illness.
Surgery: The tumour is removed from the brain with the help of surgical procedure. The challenge here is to completely remove the tumour, without causing any injury to the brain tissue, which may further damage the brain functioning of the patient.
The procedure to remove the tumour is known as Craniotomy. Another procedure to remove tumour tissues is known as Stereotactic Biopsy. This is a smaller surgery normally performed for an accurate diagnosis.
The cost of brain tumour treatment in India may go up to lakhs of rupees.
Health Insurance in India
Considering the fact that there is a constant rise in medical treatment costs in India, it is best to purchase a health insurance policy. A health insurance policy will ensure that you do not fall into a debt-like situation in case there is a medical emergency.
There are different types of policies offering different benefits. A comprehensive policy with a slightly higher premium may cover critical illnesses like a brain tumour and other types of Cancer.
Also, there are many benefits of a comprehensive health cover which include compensation of pre and post hospitalisation expenses, coverage of diagnostic tests, medicines, cashless claim facility and many more.
Cashless claim facility is when you do not have to go through the complicated claim filing process. Your insurance provider will directly clear the bills with your hospital.
Coverage for each policy will vary. Kindly ensure that you properly read all the documents before availing a medical insurance policy.
Some of the other diseases generally covered by a health insurance plan in India are as follows: