Mumps Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment & Insurance | Royal Sundaram
What is Mumps
Mumps is a transmittable disease caused primarily by a virus. Mumps begins with a few days of headache, irregular fever, muscle aches, fatigue, and loss of appetite. Most commonly, people have swelling on their salivary glands. This is the main reason behind puffy cheeks and a swollen jaw. Mumps can be seen as an infection that is caused by a virus and spread through direct contact. Mumps also called as infectious parotitis first disturbs the salivary glands.
From the exposure to the onset of symptoms, mumps has an incubation period of 14-18 days. The shelf life of the disease is approx — seven to ten days. Mumps is usually a bland childhood disease, often occurring in children between 5 to 9 years old. Having said this, the virus can infect adults as well. Complications in adults can include orchitis, meningitis, and deafness of the infected adult.
Initial symptoms of mumps are non-specific. The symptoms include headache, malaise, and fever, followed by swelling of the parotid (salivary) glands within a day.
Other non-specific symptoms include low-grade fever, muscle aches, malaise, headache, and reduced appetite. This occurs during the first forty-eight hours of being infected with mumps. Characteristically, parotid gland (a type of salivary gland) swelling is present on day three of infection.
However, grown-ups are more inclined to experience a respiratory-only clutter of symptoms while kids between 2-9 years of age are more prone to experience the classic display of mumps with parotid gland swelling.
- Swollen, sensitive salivary glands on either or both sides of the face (parotitis)
- Discomfort while chewing or swallowing
- Loss of appetite
Diagnosis of mumps is based on the clinical symptoms. The swelling of the neck and lower face is a trademark of mumps infection.
Moreover, there are a few diagnostic tests that can affirm the diagnosis. The most useful tests being the blood tests and samples of saliva obtained from the infected person's mouth. For assessing the complications of mumps, imaging tests can be used. Usually, mumps can be diagnosed by the symptoms alone, particularly by testing the facial swelling.
A health practitioner may also:
- Check orally to see the position of tonsils.
- Check for the patient's temperature.
- Check the sample of blood, urine, saliva to validate the diagnosis.
Mumps Treatment and Cost in India
Safe, reliable, and efficient vaccines against mumps have been available since the 1960s. The vaccine is often included in the national immunization program in a measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine.
A single mumps vaccination shields approx. 78% of people against mumps.
According to WHO's research, two doses of the mumps vaccine are essential for long-term protection. The mumps vaccination's first dose should be given at the age of twelve to eighteen months, and the second dose may be delivered at range from the second year of life to age at school entry. That is about six years of age. IAP (Indian Pediatrics) recommends MMR at nine months of age. Measles-containing vaccine, for safety, should not be delivered before completing 270 days or nine months of age, the second dose should be administered at fifteen to eighteen months and the third dose at four to six years of age. The cost of the MMR vaccine in India is cheap, but the benefits are immeasurable. The MMR vaccinations start from 150 rupees, excluding doctor's consultation fees.
Health Insurance in India
Life can be unpredictable at times, and one can never know what ailment can strike them and when. Dealing with the ailments is extremely stressful, and its financial repercussions can make one anxious. Not many are ready to deal with it in terms of money. The medical bills consume all life savings.
In times like this, one needs financial stability to back him up. This is where health insurance comes into the picture. Health insurance is a type of coverage policy that helps the insurer gain financial help when they need it. Every earning member of the family should buy health insurance for themselves along with their family because it is something that anyone can purchase economically and take its full benefits when the time comes.
Some of the benefits of a health insurance policy include-
- The hospitals which come in the network of the health insurance package work cashless.
- Pre and post hospitalization cover can be expensive, but health insurance policies normally cover them.
- When a policyholder does not file for any treatment in a year, they are offered no claim bonus.
There are many other benefits of buying a health insurance policy, make sure to be financially secured for emergencies.
In India, the healthcare industry is steadily transforming with a wide range of products and services, and the growth is quite evident and beneficial for all. Citizens of India are gradually becoming health conscious. Sadly, excessive workload, fast-paced lifestyles, and growing changes in the environment have majorly affected the wellness of people in India.
Here are the most common diseases in India:
- Diseases related to breathing
- Heart-related issues
- Viral infections
- Lungs, kidney and liver problems