Gastritis, also known as gastroenteritis, is an inflammation of the stomach lining leading to acute discomfort in the abdominal area. The stomach lining has a defense barrier (mucosa) made up of special cells that produce acid and enzymes. Gastritis sets in when this defense barrier is damaged, by certain bacteria such as H. pylori or due to excessive alcohol consumption.
Erosive gastritis is a form of gastritis where the stomach acids have eaten away at the lining of the stomach causing pain, ulcers and bleeding. Such symptoms when prevalent in sudden attacks or with severity are known as acute gastritis. If they last for a long time, and this is usually due to bacterial infection, it is termed as chronic gastritis.
Treatment of gastritis usually involves easing its symptoms with the use of antacids that neutralize the stomach acid, histamine 2 (H2) blockers such as ranitidine that decrease acid production, and proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) such as omeprazole that are stronger than H2 blockers and decrease acid production much more effectively.
If the gastritis is being caused by an H. pylori infection, doctors will prescribe an H. pylori eradication therapy.
Many instances of gastritis may have not any symptoms. However in some cases gastritis may cause:
• Burning stomach pain
• Nausea and vomiting
• Feeling full after eating
At the onset of any such symptoms, medical attention should be sought immediately. Check out Royal Sundaram's health insurance plans available with provisions such as pre- and post-hospitalization expenses, lifetime renewal, and access to over 3000 network hospitals. Covering medical costs for a condition such as gastritis can be accomplished with Royal Sundaram health insurance for gastritis.
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