Jaundice refers to the yellowing of the skin and the whites of the eyes. Jaundice is caused when a substance called bilirubin is not removed from the body in a timely manner. Eventually bilirubin builds up in the blood and body tissues causing jaundice. There are three types of jaundice:
• Pre-hepatic jaundice: Caused by conditions such as sickle cell anaemia and haemolytic anaemia
• intra-hepatic jaundice: Caused by conditions such as Gilbert's syndrome, cirrhosis or other liver damage
• post-hepatic jaundice: Caused by conditions such as gallstones or tumours
Middle-aged people and the elderly are more prone to intra-hepatic and post-hepatic jaundice. Pre-hepatic jaundice can affect the young and old alike.
In order to prevent jaundice, certain lifestyle changes need to be made. These are; abstaining from alcohol, maintaining a healthy weight, and minimizing hepatitis risks by timely vaccinations.
Jaundice is usually treated according to what is causing it. Along with treating the underlying condition, a blood transfusion or surgery may be used as cures for jaundice.
Symptoms of jaundice include:
• Yellowing of the eyes, skin, and the lining of the inside of parts of the body mucus membrane, such as the mouth and nose
• Pale-coloured stools
• Dark-coloured urine
At the onset of any such symptoms, medical attention should be sought immediately. Check out Royal Sundaram's health insurance plans available with provisions such as pre- and post-hospitalization expenses, lifetime renewal, and much more. Covering medical costs for a disease such as jaundice can be accomplished with Royal Sundaram health insurance for jaundice.
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