Motor neurone disease, also known as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a degenerative condition which can have permanent symptoms. It is caused by the gradual death of specialist nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord called motor neurones in a process called neurodegeneration. Motor neurones are in charge of controlling essential muscle activities in the body such as breathing, walking, speaking, gripping, and swallowing. As the disease progresses it weakens these muscles and patients will find these daily activities difficult to perform. A life-threatening disease, motor neurone disease has no cure. What actually causes nerve cell deaths too, remains unknown. Around 5 percent cases have a family history of the same condition or of a related one known as frontotemporal dementia.
Usually this disorder cannot be diagnosed on basis of a single test. It is based on the opinion of an experienced neurologist. Treatment includes controlling the disabilities and maintaining quality of life for patients.
Beginning gradually over weeks and months, the symptoms of motor neurone disease manifest themselves on one side of the body initially. They get worse progressively, leading to death when the muscles that control breathing eventually stop functioning.
Common signs and symptoms include:
i. Difficulty picking/holding objects caused due to a weakened grip
ii. Difficulty lifting the arms aloft due to shoulder weakness
iii. A "foot drop" which is caused by weak ankle muscles
iv. Dragging leg
v. Dysarthria or slurred speech
At the onset of any such symptoms, indicating motor neurone disease with permanent symptoms medical attention should be sought immediately. Royal Sundaram's health insurance plans are available with provisions such as pre- and post-hospitalization expenses, lifetime renewal, and myriad other benefits at affordable costs. Covering medical costs for this condition can be accomplished with Royal Sundaram health insurance for motor neurone disease with permanent symptoms.
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