Dehydration Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment & Insurance | Royal Sundaram
What is Dehydration
Dehydration happens when a person uses or loses more fluid than the intake, and the body lacks sufficient water and various necessary fluids to operate its regular functions. If a person fails to replace these lost fluids, dehydration occurs.
Anyone can get dehydrated. Dehydration is particularly critical for young infants and aged adults. In kids, severe diarrhea and vomiting are the most common known causes of dehydration. As of aged adults, they usually have a considerably lower quantity of water and may have some conditions that grow the risks of dehydration. Having said that, even small illnesses like infections concerning the bladder or lungs can bring dehydration in adults. Dehydration usually occurs during summers and hot weather in any age group if one doesn't drink sufficient water. Mild to moderate dehydration can be simply reversed by consuming more water. However, severe dehydration may require medical treatment.
Dehydration range between mild, moderate and severe, purely depending on how much of the body weight is dropped through fluids. Thirst and dark-colored urine are the two early signs of dehydration. This is the sign of the body trying to raise water intake and minimize water loss.
Thirst isn't perpetually a substantial early pointer of the body's demand for water. Individuals, especially older adults, cease to feel thirsty until they're already dehydrated to a certain extent. This is why it is essential to increase the intake of water during hot and humid weather or when one is ill.
The symptoms and signs of dehydration:
Young child or infant
- Dry tongue
- No wet diapers for more than three hours
- No tears when crying
- Dull eyes, cheeks
- Decreased frequency of urination
- Extreme thirst
Health practitioners often diagnose dehydration on the grounds of physical symptoms. If an individual is dehydrated, they are also likely to have considerably lower blood pressure, especially when moving from a standstill to lying position or vice versa. Heart rate during dehydration is faster than usual. To further affirm the diagnosis and to pinpoint the degree of dehydration, an individual may have to undergo other tests, such as:
- Blood test: Blood samples are used to check for numerous factors such as levels of electrolytes - particularly potassium and sodium, and how well the kidneys are operating.
- Urinalysis: Urine tests can show whether an individual is dehydrated and if yes, to what degree. They also can check for signs of bladder infection.
Dehydration Treatment and Cost in India
The top ways to treat dehydration are as provided below:
- Rehydration: The first and foremost prime focus of treatment is replacement of fluid in the body. In this method, the fluids are reinstated either through drinking in mild cases or through intravenous injections in more serious cases. The recommended solutions are often a mix of electrolytes and water.
- Medications: Based on the severity and cause of dehydration, health practitioners may recommend suitable medicines. ORS, however, is sufficient to treat as well as prevent dehydration when it occurs.
All severities of dehydration must be treated by meeting the fluid level requirement in the body. To do this, one must consume clear fluids like water, clear broths, frozen water, or sports drinks like Gatorade as they contain the required electrolytes. Some severe dehydration patients, however, will necessitate intravenous fluids in order to rehydrate. Dehydrated individuals must avoid drinks containing caffeine and sodas. The treatment of dehydration costs varies in India and solely depends on the severity of dehydration. An ORS pack may cost you around Rs. 30/- whereas hospitalization charges for 3-4 days can go up to Rs. 15,000/-
Health Insurance in India
Health insurance has become a requirement and a constraint for every person in India. Health Insurance shields individuals by providing risk coverage against expense, which is caused by unexpected medical emergencies. Today, when the inflation rates of medical are so high, failing to buy a sufficient health cover plan can be financially expensive. However, awareness about health insurance is now on the rise in urban India.
Listed below are a few points that are essential while considering a health insurance policy:
- Check out how the insurance policy is covering the pre and post hospitalization costs.
- The ratio of claim settlement and time is one of the most important aspects while buying a health insurance plan.
- Always take the opinion of a doctor. Let their expertise help in picking between a multitude of insurance policies and their coverage schemes.
- Make sure to check the number of hospitals associated with the insurance policy.
Life today is stressful, and we can all agree to that. The main reasons behind that being excessive working conditions, pollution, and a hyperactive lifestyle. Though people are becoming careful about their health, the risks of health problems are increasing. Many insurance policies are taking steps towards securing consumer's health.
Some diseases for which insurance policies are taken are:
- Respiratory issues
- Cardiovascular problems
- Heart-related diseases
- Digestive diseases